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How to Grow Potatoes in Texas Guide

How to Grow Potatoes in Texas Guide

Ryan Lugo
6 minute read

Potatoes are a staple crop that can be grown in many regions of the United States, including Texas. Whether you're a seasoned gardener or a beginner, growing potatoes is a fun and rewarding activity that can provide you with a bountiful harvest of fresh, tasty spuds. In this article, we'll cover everything you need to know about how to grow potatoes in Texas, from choosing the right variety to preparing your seed potatoes, planting, caring for your plants, and harvesting your crop.

Choosing the Right Potato Variety

The first step in growing potatoes is choosing the right variety for your growing conditions. Texas has a diverse climate, ranging from hot and dry to cool and humid, depending on the region. When selecting a potato variety, consider the temperature and humidity in your area, as well as the soil type and any pests or diseases that are common in your region.

Some of the most popular potato varieties for Texas gardeners include:

  • Yukon Gold: This variety is a favorite among many gardeners for its creamy texture and buttery flavor. Yukon Gold potatoes are also relatively easy to grow and adapt well to a range of growing conditions.

  • Red Lasoda: Another popular variety for Texas gardeners, Red Lasoda potatoes have a slightly sweet flavor and a firm, smooth texture. They're also resistant to several common potato diseases, making them a good choice for novice gardeners.

  • Fingerling: This variety is known for its thin, elongated shape and nutty flavor. Fingerling potatoes are a great choice for roasting and have become increasingly popular in recent years.

  • Russet: Russet potatoes are the classic baking potato, known for their fluffy texture and earthy flavor. They're also a good choice for frying and mashing.

In addition to these popular varieties, there are many other types of potatoes to choose from, including heirloom varieties and specialty potatoes. When selecting a potato variety, consider the flavor, texture, and intended use of the potato, as well as its adaptability to your growing conditions.

Preparing Your Seed Potatoes

Once you've chosen your potato variety, the next step is to prepare your seed potatoes. Seed potatoes are potatoes that are specifically grown and sold for planting purposes. They are generally disease-free and come in a variety of types and sizes.

Before planting your seed potatoes, you'll need to pre-sprout them. Pre-sprouting involves placing the seed potatoes in a warm, dark place for a few weeks until they begin to sprout. This will help them grow more quickly once planted. To pre-sprout, your seed potatoes, place them in a paper bag or cardboard box in a warm, dark place, such as a closet or basement. Check them periodically to make sure they are not rotting or sprouting too much.

Once your seed potatoes have sprouted, it's time to cut them into smaller pieces. Cut your seed potatoes into smaller pieces, making sure each piece has at least one eye. The eye is the small indentation on the potato where the sprout will emerge. Cutting the potato into smaller pieces will help it grow more efficiently.

Planting Your Potatoes

Potatoes should be planted in mid-February in Texas. This gives them enough time to grow before the hot summer temperatures set in. To plant your potatoes, dig a hole about 12 inches deep and place the potato in the hole with the cut side facing down. Space your potato plants about 12 inches apart to give them plenty of room to grow.

Make sure your soil is well-draining and has plenty of organic matter. If your soil is heavy clay, add organic matter such as compost to improve drainage. Potatoes need consistent moisture to grow properly, but be careful not to overwater them as this can lead to rot and other diseases. If you live in an area with frequent rain, make sure to provide adequate drainage to prevent water logging. If you're planting potatoes in a container or grow bag, make sure it has good drainage holes to allow excess water to escape.

As your potato plants grow, they will need to be hilled. Hilling involves mounding soil up around the base of the plant to protect the developing potatoes from exposure to sunlight. This also helps to keep the soil moist and prevent weeds from growing. Repeat this process several times throughout the growing season, making sure to keep the plant well-supported.

Caring for Your Potato Plants

In addition to regular watering and hilling, potato plants also require regular fertilization to grow properly. When planting your potatoes, add a slow-release fertilizer or compost to the soil. You can also side-dress your plants with additional fertilizer throughout the growing season.

Keep an eye out for common potato pests and diseases, such as potato beetles, blight, and scab. These can be treated with organic or chemical pesticides, depending on your preferences. Make sure to follow the instructions on the label and use any chemicals safely and responsibly.

Harvesting Your Potatoes

After about 90 to 120 days, your potatoes should be ready for harvest. Look for signs that your potatoes are ready to harvest, such as yellowing foliage and dying leaves. Carefully dig up the potatoes, taking care not to damage them. Let them dry in the sun for a few hours before storing them in a cool, dry place.

When harvesting your potatoes, be careful not to cut or bruise them. Damaged potatoes will not store well and are more susceptible to rot and disease. Store your potatoes in a cool, dry place, such as a root cellar or pantry. Do not store them in direct sunlight, as this can cause them to turn green and become bitter.

Growing Potatoes in Containers or Grow Bags

If you don't have space for a traditional potato garden, you can still grow potatoes in containers or grow bags. This is a great option for those with limited space or who want to grow potatoes on a small scale.

To grow potatoes in a container or grow bag, fill your container with soil, and plant your seed potatoes as you would in the ground. Make sure to keep the soil moist and fertilize regularly. When the potatoes are ready to harvest, simply dump out the container or grow bag and sift through the soil to find your potatoes.


Growing potatoes in Texas is a fun and rewarding activity that can provide you with a bountiful harvest of delicious spuds. Whether you're a seasoned gardener or a beginner, there are many potato varieties and growing techniques to choose from. By choosing the right variety, preparing your seed potatoes, planting at the right time, and providing proper care, you can enjoy fresh, tasty potatoes from your own garden.  Come check out our other articles and seeds for sale while you're here!

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